Flat feet (” pes planus “) is a very common condition where the arches of the feet are flattened, causing the entire foot to make contact with the ground. While the condition is mostly painless, it can cause foot pain, and it may result in inwardly turned ankles that can affect the alignment of the legs. People with ” pes planus ” often find it tiring to stand for long periods of time. People who have flat feet usually roll their feet over to the inner side when they walk. The feet may even appear to point outward because of this movement. In most cases, the condition cannot be prevented.
Flat feet, also known as fallen arches of pes planus, occur when the supportive arch of the foot becomes progressively flatter. Your natural arches are personal and unique to your body, so if you have flexible flat feet, it’s usually not a problem. Unfortunately, if you had high arches and they’ve become compressed and flattened over time, they could become rigid and painful. Stop the threat of flat feet by adopting good foot care practices. Step 1 Trail running shoes – These shoes are designed to make off-road walking and running a pain-free and comfortable experience. They have outsoles which offer stability and protection to the bottom of your feet.
Solid ankle AFOs with valgus-controlling trimlines and neutral ankle alignment were used for patients who presented a rigid hindfoot, obesity, and extensive valgus angulation that required maximum control. No correction of deformity could be obtained in these patients. Seven subjects were studied in this group. (Originally there were eleven subjects; three had shoe conflicts and refused to acquire proper footwear, and one was attending an orthotic clinic closer to her home.) Mean duration of treatment was 5.6 months, with a range of 1 to 11 months. All seven subjects wearing their AFOs felt that they were doing well. Activity levels increased in six and pain decreased in all seven.
A common injury related to over-pronation is PLANTAR FACIITIS. The plantar fascia can be seen in this picture in pink, and it’s role is to support the arch. But feet that are flatter tend to over stretch the plantar fascia, and typically people will start to complain of pain near the heel. It will hurt more in morning, but as you warm up the fascia will get more flexible and the pain will go away, only to return after a period of rest! Three different types of AFOs were used, as deemed appropriate after evaluation of the patient’s needs. All AFOs incorporated a valgus-controlling trimline (Figure 2 ).
Congenital vertical talus is the most serious pathological flat foot. The diagnosis must be established as soon after birth as possible, and often requires surgical treatment. Congenital vertical talus may occur in association with other congenital anomalies, such as myelomeningocele, arthrogryposis, and developmental dysplasia of the hip. It may also occur in motor neuron disorders 4 . Evaluation The deformity reveals a rigid flat foot. The heel is in equino-valgus with contracture of the triceps surae muscles. The forefoot is dorsiflexed and everted; the arch is convex, because the head of the talus projects into the plantar aspect of the foot Fig. 3.
Brandt R. Gibson, DPM, MS is a podiatrist with special interest in keeping individuals active through education. He is located in American Fork, Utah. His goal is to educate people and help them “optimize what they were born with.” For further educational materials and recommended medical products, visit A free book on foot and ankle health can also be ordered at Also, children who grow up wearing sandals or slippers tend to demonstrate lesser foot arch troubles than those who grow up wearing shoes that are closed at the toes. What Is the Yoga Pose Where You Lie on the Floor & Place Your Right Ankle on Your Left Knee?
A neuroma is an area of thickened nerve tissue. This tissue can develop anywhere in your body. According to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, a Morton’s neuroma is one of the most common neuromas in the foot. The neuroma develops between the base of the third and fourth toes. However, other areas of the foot can be afflicted. The development of a neuroma occurs due to continued compression on the toes or feet. Eventually, continued compression can cause swelling of the nerves, which can eventually lead to nerve damage.
Three main bones in your knee are the thigh bone, shin bone and knee cap. They are surrounded by ligaments that connect your knee bones together, tendons that connect your knee bones to muscle, and fluid-filled sacs that cushion your knee. There is also cartilage between the thigh and shin bone that provides space and cushion when you move. The constant use of your knees and the fact that the knee is so complex makes it a perfect candidate for injuries and conditions that cause chronic pain. Hormone disorders can be a problem for many women. Not only can the disorders cause many unpleasant symptoms, they can also cause infertility.